HMP Brixton - London
HMP Brixton is England's oldest prison, opening in 1819 when Brixton was little more than a village, in response to the growing problem of prison overcrowding, and crime in London, largely brought on by it’s unprecedented population growth. HMP Brixton housed minor offenders – men, women and children as young as six years old, who served sentences of up to two years. It made headlines almost immediately when it became the first prison in London to introduce the "treadmill", a form of punishment that held up to a hundred prisoners at a time, climbing its revolving steps 10 hours a day in order to grind flour for their daily bread. In the 1850's, Brixton became a prison for women, its governor developing a reputation for kindness and fairness, and having her eleven children live with her on the prison grounds. Twentieth century post-war austerity led to an abandonment of the prison system and conditions. In the 1980's, Brixton’s mental health wing. known as ‘Fraggle Rock’, was so poorly managed it was linked to the suicides of fourteen prisoners and three staff in eighteen months. At the millennium, even the head of the prison service describing Brixton as a “hellhole”. Changes occurred in the intervening years. An award-winning radio station opened, and Gordon Ramsey helped set up Brixton with the Bad Boys Bakery – which supplies 200 coffee shops with cakes.
High Down is a Category B men's local prison. High Down is located on the outskirts of Banstead in Surrey, England (overlooking Banstead Downs), and is immediately adjacent to the southern boundary of Belmont in Greater London. The prison is operated by Her Majesty's Prison Service, and is situated in proximity to Downview Prison for women. High Down Prison was built in the 1990s on the site previously occupied by Banstead Lunatic Asylum. Banstead Asylum was built in 1877, and held psychiatric patients until its demolition in 1989.The Clink charity has set up ambitious restaurants in High Down prison, Surrey, and HMP Cardiff. Around 85 prisoners have been trained as chefs and waiters since 2010, and 25 have found full-time employment on release.
HMP Holloway - London
The largest women's prison in Europe. Originally constructed by the City of London and opened in 1852 as a
mixed prison, became all female circa 1902. Was completely rebuilt between
1971-1985 on the same site.Regime includes both
full-time and part-time education, skills training workshops, British
Industrial Cleaning Science BICS, gardens and painting. There is a
fully-integrated resettlement/ induction strategy, which identifies
individual needs and provides a structured approach for advice and
guidance on such issues as housing, benefits, training and community
HM Prison East Sutton Park is a women's open prison and Young Offenders Institution, located in the village of East Sutton (near Maidstone), in Kent, England. East Sutton Park Prison is based in and around an Elizabethan brick house, East Sutton Park, dating from 1570 and overlooking the Weald of Kent. The building was requisitioned at the start of World War II, first opened as a borstal in 1946, then was re-registered to take juvenile and adult females some years later. Accommodation at the prison is divided into 21 dormitories of varying sizes. Work at the prison for inmates includes farming, gardening, and catering. East Sutton Park also offers training courses and physical education. The prison has placed 50 prisoners for employment in the community.
HMP Full Sutton - Yorkshire
HM Prison Full Sutton is a Category A and B men's prison in the village of Full Sutton, near Pocklington in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. Full Sutton is operated by Her Majesty's Prison Service and holds some 600 inmates. The prison's primary function is to hold, in conditions of high security, some of the most difficult and dangerous criminals in the country. The prison also has a unit known as the 'Close Supervision Centre', which is referred to as a "prison inside a prison". This is used to house prisoners, who are a high risk to the public and national security. HMP Full Sutton will not accept prisoners who have been sentenced to less than 4 years, or who have less than 12 months left to serve. In December 2005, a report by the Chief Inspector of Prisons stated that gangs inside the prison were arranging "fight clubs" to pay off debts. The level of bullying and violence was so great that many wings were unsafe. There was evidence that gangs who had been operating on the streets continued to function inside the prison using intimidation. Security concerns had led to prisoners being denied access to outside sports. In February 2006, the Independent Monitoring Board criticized Full Sutton for high levels of drug use amongst prisoners. The board stated that illegal drugs were an "insidious disease" inside the prison. In March 2017, it was announced that a new prison will be built adjacent to the current one. The existing prison will stay open during the development.